Flight Operations Technical Data

Maintenance and Engineering Technical Data

Other Documents

Flight Operations Technical Data

Airplane Flight Manual (AFM)

Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) is a reference document published in English. It is not established as an operational document to be used directly by the crew in flight. Flight crew documents available in-flight must include an Operational Manual, with appropriate contents and language as required by the National Regulations.

Any Flight Crew Operating Manual (FCOM) reference within the AFM must be considered as advisory information, the FCOM being a non-approved document. This AFM is specific to a given certified aircraft model.


The customized airline AFM is extracted from a non-customized aircraft model envelope. AFM is an approved document related to an operator’s/owner’s fleet. AFM takes into account the specific configuration of each aircraft of the concerned fleet.


The AFM is divided into 11 chapters:

  1. Approval data
  2. General
  3. Limitations
  4. Emergency procedures
  5. Abnormal procedures
  6. Normal procedures
  7. Performance (dry and wet runway)
  8. Appendices and supplements
  9. Master Configuration Deviation List (MCDL)
  10. Supplementary performance (contaminated runway)
  11. Regulatory differences (when applicable).

Flight Crew Operating Manual (FCOM)

The Flight Crew Operating Manual (FCOM) is a support document for the flight crew.

The purpose of the FCOM is to:

  • Provide all necessary operating limitations, procedures, performance and system information the flight crew needs to safely and efficiently operate A320 family aircraft during normal, abnormal, and emergency situations.
  • Serve directly as Flight Crew Operating Manual, or as a basis for Operators to develop their own customized Airline Operations Manual, in accordance with applicable requirements.
  • Serve as a comprehensive reference guide during initial and refresher flight crew training.

The FCOM complements the Airplane Flight Manual. If the FCOM data differs from the AFM data, the AFM remains the reference. As a supplement to the FCOM, the FCTM may provide additional information that the flight crew should read in conjunction with the FCOM.

Note: This manual is not designed:

  • To teach basic piloting skills
  • To provide basic piloting techniques applicable to jet aircraft, or information, that are considered as basic airmanship for trained flight crews who are familiar with that type of aircraft and its general handling characteristics.

Flight Crew Training Manual (FCTM)

The Flight Crew Techniques Manual (FCTM) provides complementary information to the Flight Crew Operating Manual (FCOM). If the FCTM data differs from the FCOM data, the FCOM remains the reference.

The FCTM provides the flight crew with:

  • The general Aircraft operational philosophy (e.g. design and utilization principles, golden rules for pilots).
  • Additional information to the FCOM procedures (the “why” to do and the “how” to do).
  • Best practices, operating techniques on maneuvers, and handling
  • Information on situation awareness.

Cabin Crew Operating Manual (CCOM)

The Cabin Crew Operating Manual (CCOM) provides descriptive information on the standard version of the aircraft, operating instructions and Function Recovery Procedures (FRP) guidelines for items and/or equipment managed by the cabin crew, and operating instructions for normal and/or emergency/abnormal operations.

In keeping with the philosophy of the Flight Crew Operating Manual (FCOM), only information unique to this particular aircraft configuration is included. In case of conflict between CCOM and FCOM or the regulations of the Approved Authorities’ Procedures, the FCOM and the regulations of the Approved Authorities’ Procedures will apply.

Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL)

The Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL) is a reference manual published in English. In most cases, It is approved by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) or the FAA. The MMEL must be used as a reference by the Operator to develop its MEL. This MMEL takes into account the specific configuration of each aircraft of the Operator’s fleet.

Quick Reference Handbook (QRH)

The QRH contains some specific procedures. As QRH is published at the aircraft level, each paper page has only one effectivity.

Weight and Balance Manual (WBM)

The Weight and Balance Manual (WBM) is the support document for the Operator’s weight and balance engineering. The WBM provides the Operator with the necessary data about the aircraft’s weight and balance, to analyze and establish the weight and balance procedures required to operate the aircraft.

The WBM provides the Operator with a basis for the development of the operational documentation of the airline, for example – Operations manual and Loadsheet.

The WBM is based on all the structural and center of gravity limitations determined during the certification process.

The WBM complements the approved Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) about the limitations related to the weight and center of gravity of the aircraft.

The WBM is divided into two main chapters:

  • Weight and Balance Control – This chapter contains the weight and balance data, limitations and other information that the Operator needs to control:
    • The aircraft weight and center of gravity,
    • The weights loaded in the aircraft.
  • Aircraft Weighing Reports – This chapter contains the weighing reports and weighing checklists that Aircraft Manufacturer compiles from the weighing operation of each aircraft, prior to the delivery of the aircraft.

Maintenance and Engineering Technical Data

Aircraft Maintenance Manual (AMM)

The most important document for the maintenance of aircraft is the Aircraft Maintenance Manual (AMM). The data contained in the AMM is in general compliant with ATA Specification 2200 (iSpec2200), Information Standards for Aviation Maintenance, and ASD-STE100 Simplified Technical English.

The content of the Aircraft Maintenance Manual (AMM) is part of the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness (ICA) that Aircraft Manufacturer, as the Type Certificate Holder, is required to provide and maintain.

The AMM contains the instructions for the on-aircraft maintenance necessary to ensure the continued airworthiness of the aircraft.

The AMM contains information required to service, repair, replace, adjust, inspect and check equipment and systems on the aircraft. These tasks are normally performed on the ramp or in the maintenance hangar.

The AMM contains the necessary data to cover scheduled maintenance procedures prescribed by the Maintenance Review Board Report (MRBR), respectively the Maintenance Planning Document (MPD) and the deactivation/reactivation procedures relative to Master Minimum Equipment List (MMEL) respectively to the Configuration Deviation List (CDL).

Component Maintenance Manual (CMM)

  • Component Maintenance Manual – Manufacturer (CMMM)
  • Component Maintenance Manual – Vendor (CMMV)

Information required for the maintenance of equipment “off the Aircraft” (shop maintenance) is given in the Vendor or Manufacturer Component Maintenance Manuals (CMMV or CMMM).

Illustrated Parts Catalog (IPC)

The Illustrated Parts Catalog (IPC) is intended only for use in identifying, provisioning, requisitioning, storing, and issuing line replaceable aircraft parts and units.

This manual includes Power Plant Illustrated Parts Catalog (PIPC) items related to the AMM tasks for the aircraft engine. Sometimes a separate Power Plant Illustrated Parts Catalog (PIPC) is issued for this purpose covering all associated chapters, for the aircraft engine.

The IPC is a companion to the Maintenance Manual and includes all parts for which maintenance practice has been provided.

Power Plant Illustrated Parts Catalog (PIPC)

The Power Plant Illustrated Parts Catalog was prepared as specified by ATA Specification iSpec2200. It is intended as a companion document of the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, not a substitute for, the associated Aircraft Maintenance Manual which shall be considered the authority on disassembly/assembly procedures.

The Power Plant Illustrated Parts Catalog (PIPC) lists and illustrates replaceable assemblies and detail parts removed in the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, assisting in provisioning and requisitioning.

This Catalog is arranged in one section being – ENGINE (CHAPTERS 72 THRU 75 and 77 THRU 79).

Troubleshooting Manual (TSM)

The TSM is a troubleshooting guide of all probable aircraft faults monitored and displayed by the aircraft systems. Faults not monitored by the aircraft systems are also covered in this manual.

Based on the guidance from the TSM, it is the operator’s responsibility to establish specific procedures regarding fault management in accordance with their local regulations.

Wiring Diagram Manual (WDM)

Wiring Diagram Manual (WDM) – The Wiring Diagram Manual (WDM) is subdivided into three manuals:

  • ASM – Aircraft Schematic Manual
  • AWM – Aircraft Wiring Manual
  • AWL – Aircraft Wiring List

The purpose of these manuals is to permit a full understanding of the electrical, electronic, and electro-mechanical system installation and physical connections.

Aircraft Schematic Manual (ASM)

The purpose of the Aircraft Schematic Manual (ASM) is to provide a functional view of systems, sub/systems. ASM content reflects systems, sub/systems which are activated; full provision or inactive systems are not published.

Aircraft Wiring Manual (AWM)

The purpose of the Aircraft Wiring Manual (AWM) is to provide a physical view of systems, sub/systems. AWM reflects the definition of the wiring installation.

Aircraft Wiring List (AWL)

The purpose of the Aircraft Wiring List (AWL) is to provide the list of wires, Aircraft, and Engine parts.

It can also help with troubleshooting, maintenance, and modifications to the loads connected to the electrical network.

Electrical Standard Practices Manual (ESPM)

The Electrical Standard Practices Manual (ESPM) gives descriptive data and procedures for the electrical installations on aircraft. The standard practices information in this manual tells you how to do maintenance for the continued airworthiness of the aircraft. The ESPM is part of the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness (ICA). The ESPM always gives the best practices to do the installations or the repairs.

Structural Repair Manual (SRM)

The Structural Repair Manual (SRM) has been prepared in accordance with Air Transport Association Specification iSpec 2200, to include descriptive information as well as specific instructions and data relative to the field repair of structures and structural components of the Aircraft.

The Structural Repair Manual (SRM) contains information about the Allowable Damage Limits, material Identification for structure subjects to field Repair, typical Repairs which are generally applicable to structural components of the airplane, that are most likely to be damaged. In addition to that substitute materials and fastener information as well as a brief description of some procedures carried out in conjunction with structural repairs, such as protective treatment of repair parts and sealing of integral fuel tanks.

The information in this manual is valid for maintenance and repair on aircraft or in shops at the component level.

Repair of structure is contained in the Structural Repair Manual (SRM) which includes Nacelle Structural Repair Manual (NSRM). Sometimes Nacelle Structural Repair Manual (NSRM) is provided separately.

Non-Destructive Testing Manual (NDTM)

The information in the Non-Destructive Testing Manual is provided for the purpose of instructing qualified personnel with regard to specific nondestructive testing procedures for the aircraft. These procedures are intended to ensure early recognition of structural damage. The recognition of structural damage at an early stage enables steps to be taken which will prevent the damage from becoming critical and thus maintain the structural integrity of the aircraft and ensure the continued airworthiness of the aircraft.

Duct and Fuel Pipe Repair Manual (DFPRM)

The Duct and Fuel Pipe Repair Manual (DFPRM) gives the operator the necessary data for ducts and fuel pipes which have been damaged in-service. The DFPRM helps in the identification, inspection, and repair of ducts (and where applicable the insulation covers) and fuel pipes. The repair information given is applicable only for ducts and fuel pipes manufactured fully by the Aircraft Manufacturer. The repair information must not be used for ducts or fuel pipes made by the manufacturers of the engine.

The manual is self-contained and cross-references to other sources of information are kept to a minimum. The operator can use this data to:

  • Find the fuel pipes, ducts and the insulation covers
  • Find allowable damage limits for fuel pipes and ducts
  • Repair the fuel pipes, ducts and the insulation covers
  • Do the tests that are necessary after repair

Maintenance Planning Document (MPD)

The Maintenance Planning Document (MPD) contains repetitive maintenance tasks published in the Maintenance Review Board Report (MRBR), the Airworthiness Limitation Section (ALS) Parts 2, 3, 4, and 5, and the ETOPS CMP documents and provides additional information about maintenance tasks, their scheduling, and procedures.

MPD is used by operators to develop their locally approved scheduled maintenance programs.

All MRBR and ALS tasks are declared as Instructions for Continued Airworthiness (ICA) and when applicable to the aircraft configuration should be included in the operator’s initial maintenance program.

MRBR tasks and intervals constitute an initial minimum set of requirements for inclusion in a maintenance program at aircraft entry into service with the operator. The analysis of feedback from service may subsequently justify changes to these requirements in order to maintain program effectiveness.

Development of the MPD is part of the Scheduled Maintenance Process, itself identified in the Aircraft Manufacturer DOA (Design Organization Approval) and is audited on a regular basis in the frame of the Aircraft Manufacturer’s Quality Assurance System. As such, the MPD complies with the content of several approved source documents.

Consumable Materials List (CML)

The Consumable Materials List (CML) contains information about all the consumable materials recommended by the Aircraft Manufacturer for the maintenance, servicing, and repair of the aircraft and its components and necessary to ensure the continued airworthiness of the aircraft.

Tool and Equipment Manual (TEM)

The Tool and Equipment Manual provides aircraft operators with information on specific tools (test equipment included) recommended by the Aircraft Manufacturer and the Vendors to do the maintenance, servicing, repair, and troubleshooting work as given in the aircraft technical manuals and necessary to ensure the continued airworthiness of the aircraft.

This manual is not applicable for standard tools and equipment. Ground equipment, for example, passenger stairways, baggage-loading devices, towing trucks, etc., which is considered as airport equipment, is not covered in this document. All information related to the operation, maintenance, and overhaul of the specific tool is not part of this manual.

Other Documents

Aircraft Characteristics Data for Airport and Maintenance Planning

This provides necessary data to airport operators, airlines, and Maintenance/Repair Organizations (MRO) for airport and maintenance facilities planning.

Aircraft Recovery Manual (ARM)

This manual obeys the ATA iSpec 2200 specification format.

The technical data contained in the Aircraft Recovery Manual (ARM) is intended only for general planning, preparations, and establishing procedures for the recovery of a disabled aircraft with consideration given for return to service.

Aircraft manufacturers usually recommend that all data and actions related to the recovery are recorded to ensure that all necessary corrective actions are taken prior to the release to service of the aircraft.

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