Are ICAO standards mandatory in Civil Aviation ? Yes ! Commercial aviation is the safest and fastest form of transportation in the world. Civil aviation is working as a catalyst for the world’s largest industry that is “Travel and Tourism”. Therefore standardization is very necessary for healthy and growing air transport system. its creates and supports large number of employments around the world.
In today’s article, I’m going to share real necessity of standards in civil aviation which encourage the safety and quality matters pertaining to aviation and also tell who is the leading organisation in international civil aviation, how they works on to keep civil aviation standards up. Now Let’s dive in :
- How Standard is defined ?
- Requirements of Standardization in Civil Aviation
- Standards in Civil Aviation
- How does ICAO maintain standards of international civil aviation?
- Objectives of ICAO
Before I talk about the necessity of standards in civil aviation, it is very important to understand about the word “Standard” before it’s requirement, importance and compliance in civil aviation.
How Standard is defined in terms of aviation ?
As per ICAO, A Standard is defined as any specification for physical characteristics, material, configuration, performance, personnel or procedure, the uniform application of which is recognized as necessary for the safety or regularity of international air navigation.
Requirements of Standardization in Civil Aviation
Now Standard is up, then what next ! Why it is most important and its really required in the aviation industry.
Above all, most importantly, twenty four hours a day, 365 days of the year, an aeroplane takes off or lands every few seconds somewhere on the earth. All flights is handled by trained airport staff in the same and uniform manner. All aircraft operations control by air traffic control, airport authorities, and pilots. Behind the scenes, millions of employees worldwide involved in manufacturing of aircraft and parts, maintenance of aircraft to keep airplane flying on time in safe and airworthy condition and monitoring of the products & ensuring of their quality, and services required to support aircraft operation in the never ending cycle of flights.
Organisations that ensure and support standardization system in civil Aviation :
- World’s Leader – International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
- World’s Trade Association – International Air Transport Association (IATA)
- Safety Agency – European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)
- Civil Aviation Authority of state. (Like FAA US, DGCA India, CAA UK etc.)
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is an only world’s leader in international civil aviation which creates regulations for aviation safety, security, efficiency and regularity and environmental protection.
IATA is a trade association for world’s airlines which play a major role to support aviation standards for airline in terms of safety, security, efficiency and sustainability.
EASA is an agency of the European Union, responsible for civil aviation safety and standardization. It makes regulations and perform investigation and monitoring.
Some other factors like accident and incident reports that helps civil aviation authorities to setup new and/or amend regulations to maintain standards in civil aviation. The cause of an aircraft incident and accident must be identified in order to prevent repeated occurrence.
Standards in Civil Aviation
Standardization in civil aviation is made possible by ICAO. ICAO developed a universally accepted standards known as Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs). SARPs cover all technical and operational aspects of international civil aviation, such as safety (Aircraft Maintenance Safety), personnel licensing (Licensing of Aircraft Maintenance Engineers), operation of aircraft, aerodromes, air traffic services, accident & incident investigation and the environmental protection.
Without Standards and Recommended Practices in civil aviation our air transport system will be at best chaotic and at worst unsafe.
In addition, I collected some important information about ICAO from various sources which are necessary to know all aviation enthusiast. So I’m trying my best to represent organization and regulation of air transport.
How does ICAO maintain standards of international civil aviation?
ICAO sets the standards and regulations necessary for aviation safety, security, efficiency and regularity, as well as for aviation environmental protection. Its role is to conduct research and develop international air law. ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) for each area of ICAO responsibility are contained in 19 Annexes. Each Annex deals with a particular subject area.
Formation of the ICAO
The 54 nations that attended the civil aviation conference in Chicago from November 1 to December 7 in 1944, also called Chicago Convention. They set the formation of the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization).
What does the International Civil Aviation Organization do?
ICAO is an organization represented by the airport authorities. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations. ICAO serves as a forum for cooperation in all fields of civil aviation among its Member States. Currently there are 191 Member States.
ICAO is made up of an Assembly, according to the terms of the Convention and The Assembly, composed of representatives from all Contracting States. They meet every three years, reviewing in detail the work of the Organization and setting policy for the coming years. It also votes a triennial budget.
Objectives of ICAO
In this paragraph, I’m going to discuss about some ICAO objectives line by line to keep aviation standard up and maintain aviation safety. Objectives of the ICAO is very clear and it sets the international civil aviation Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) and policies to support efficient, safe, secure, and economically sustainable civil aviation sector worldwide. Moreover, let’s see some points which helps you better understanding of ICAO objectives, which includes:
- To ensure safe and growth of international civil aviation throughout the world.
- Encourage the arts of aircraft design and operations for peaceful purpose.
- Encourage the development of airports, airways and air navigation facilities for international civil aviation.
- To meet the needs of air travelers for regular, safe, efficient and economical air transport.
- Avoid discrimination between contracting states.
- Promote safety of flight in international navigation.
- Promote the development of international civil aeronautics in all aspects.
Aviation accident cause very serious impact on any organization, airport and country economy. Aircraft operation areas like airports are high alert areas. Any small negligence due to poor regulatory system can lead to major accidents. Standards in Civil Aviation is very necessary in order to make safe air transportation. Standardization brings quality and healthy environment to achieve the highest level of safety. Standards can be achieved by following proper regulatory procedures. The civil aviation authorities of state always do audits of concern organisation to keep these standards up. ICAO is the overall leader of all state government aviation authority.
hope you enjoyed reading ! So, let me know some other factors which is necessary to keep aviation standards up.